尝试改写新浪网分类资讯爬虫2

云计算 waitig 556℃ 百度已收录 0评论

将已有的新浪网分类资讯Scrapy爬虫项目,修改为基于RedisSpider类的scrapy-redis分布式爬虫项目

注:items数据直接存储在Redis数据库中,这个功能已经由scrapy-redis自行实现。除非单独做额外处理(比如直接存入本地数据库等),否则不用编写pipelines.py代码。

items.py文件

# items.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import scrapy

import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding("utf-8")

class SinaItem(scrapy.Item):
    # 大类的标题 和 url
    parentTitle = scrapy.Field()
    parentUrls = scrapy.Field()

    # 小类的标题 和 子url
    subTitle = scrapy.Field()
    subUrls = scrapy.Field()

    # 小类目录存储路径
    # subFilename = scrapy.Field()

    # 小类下的子链接
    sonUrls = scrapy.Field()

    # 文章标题和内容
    head = scrapy.Field()
    content = scrapy.Field()

settings.py文件

# settings.py

SPIDER_MODULES = ['Sina.spiders']
NEWSPIDER_MODULE = 'Sina.spiders'

USER_AGENT = 'scrapy-redis (+https://github.com/rolando/scrapy-redis)'

DUPEFILTER_CLASS = "scrapy_redis.dupefilter.RFPDupeFilter"
SCHEDULER = "scrapy_redis.scheduler.Scheduler"
SCHEDULER_PERSIST = True
SCHEDULER_QUEUE_CLASS = "scrapy_redis.queue.SpiderPriorityQueue"
#SCHEDULER_QUEUE_CLASS = "scrapy_redis.queue.SpiderQueue"
#SCHEDULER_QUEUE_CLASS = "scrapy_redis.queue.SpiderStack"

ITEM_PIPELINES = {
#    'Sina.pipelines.SinaPipeline': 300,
    'scrapy_redis.pipelines.RedisPipeline': 400,
}

LOG_LEVEL = 'DEBUG'

# Introduce an artifical delay to make use of parallelism. to speed up the
# crawl.
DOWNLOAD_DELAY = 1

REDIS_HOST = "192.168.13.26"
REDIS_PORT = 6379

spiders/sina.py

# sina.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from Sina.items import SinaItem
from scrapy_redis.spiders import RedisSpider
#from scrapy.spiders import Spider
import scrapy

import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding("utf-8")

#class SinaSpider(Spider):
class SinaSpider(RedisSpider):
    name= "sina"
    redis_key = "sinaspider:start_urls"
    #allowed_domains= ["sina.com.cn"]
    #start_urls= [
    #   "http://news.sina.com.cn/guide/"
    #]#起始urls列表

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        domain = kwargs.pop('domain', '')
        self.allowed_domains = filter(None, domain.split(','))
        super(SinaSpider, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)


    def parse(self, response):
        items= []

        # 所有大类的url 和 标题
        parentUrls = response.xpath('//div[@id=\"tab01\"]/div/h3/a/@href').extract()
        parentTitle = response.xpath("//div[@id=\"tab01\"]/div/h3/a/text()").extract()

        # 所有小类的ur 和 标题
        subUrls  = response.xpath('//div[@id=\"tab01\"]/div/ul/li/a/@href').extract()
        subTitle = response.xpath('//div[@id=\"tab01\"]/div/ul/li/a/text()').extract()

        #爬取所有大类
        for i in range(0, len(parentTitle)):

            # 指定大类的路径和目录名
            #parentFilename = "./Data/" + parentTitle[i]

            #如果目录不存在,则创建目录
            #if(not os.path.exists(parentFilename)):
            #    os.makedirs(parentFilename)

            # 爬取所有小类
            for j in range(0, len(subUrls)):
                item = SinaItem()

                # 保存大类的title和urls
                item['parentTitle'] = parentTitle[i]
                item['parentUrls'] = parentUrls[i]

                # 检查小类的url是否以同类别大类url开头,如果是返回True (sports.sina.com.cn 和 sports.sina.com.cn/nba)
                if_belong = subUrls[j].startswith(item['parentUrls'])

                # 如果属于本大类,将存储目录放在本大类目录下
                if(if_belong):
                    #subFilename =parentFilename + '/'+ subTitle[j]

                    # 如果目录不存在,则创建目录
                    #if(not os.path.exists(subFilename)):
                    #    os.makedirs(subFilename)

                    # 存储 小类url、title和filename字段数据
                    item['subUrls'] = subUrls[j]
                    item['subTitle'] =subTitle[j]
                    #item['subFilename'] = subFilename

                    items.append(item)

        #发送每个小类url的Request请求,得到Response连同包含meta数据 一同交给回调函数 second_parse 方法处理
        for item in items:
            yield scrapy.Request( url = item['subUrls'], meta={'meta_1': item}, callback=self.second_parse)

    #对于返回的小类的url,再进行递归请求
    def second_parse(self, response):
        # 提取每次Response的meta数据
        meta_1= response.meta['meta_1']

        # 取出小类里所有子链接
        sonUrls = response.xpath('//a/@href').extract()

        items= []
        for i in range(0, len(sonUrls)):
            # 检查每个链接是否以大类url开头、以.shtml结尾,如果是返回True
            if_belong = sonUrls[i].endswith('.shtml') and sonUrls[i].startswith(meta_1['parentUrls'])

            # 如果属于本大类,获取字段值放在同一个item下便于传输
            if(if_belong):
                item = SinaItem()
                item['parentTitle'] =meta_1['parentTitle']
                item['parentUrls'] =meta_1['parentUrls']
                item['subUrls'] =meta_1['subUrls']
                item['subTitle'] =meta_1['subTitle']
                #item['subFilename'] = meta_1['subFilename']
                item['sonUrls'] = sonUrls[i]
                items.append(item)

        #发送每个小类下子链接url的Request请求,得到Response后连同包含meta数据 一同交给回调函数 detail_parse 方法处理
        for item in items:
                yield scrapy.Request(url=item['sonUrls'], meta={'meta_2':item}, callback = self.detail_parse)

    # 数据解析方法,获取文章标题和内容
    def detail_parse(self, response):
        item = response.meta['meta_2']
        content = ""
        head = response.xpath('//h1[@id=\"main_title\"]/text()').extract()
        content_list = response.xpath('//div[@id=\"artibody\"]/p/text()').extract()

        # 将p标签里的文本内容合并到一起
        for content_one in content_list:
            content += content_one

        item['head']= head[0] if len(head) > 0 else "NULL"

        item['content']= content

        yield item

执行:

slave端:
scrapy runspider sina.py

Master端:
redis-cli> lpush sinaspider:start_urls http://news.sina.com.cn/guide/

本文由【waitig】发表在等英博客
本文固定链接:尝试改写新浪网分类资讯爬虫2
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